A coloboma is missing piece of eye tissue. This appears at birth and can affect one or both eyes. It’s the result of improper development of the eye during gestation. While the eye is forming, a gap called the choroidal fissure appears at the bottom of the stalks that will eventually form into the eyes. These gaps usually close by the seventh week of gestation, but if a gap doesn’t close, it will result in a coloboma. Colobomas that are visible at birth can be a sign of an undiagnosed syndrome. Your child’s doctor will need to perform a full workup if this occurs. Doctors can often correct colobomas with surgery.
A realistic period of recovery must be expected. Postoperative bruising usually takes at least 2-3 weeks to subside completely. Swelling takes much longer. Most of the swelling disappears after 3-4 weeks but this can vary considerably from patient to patient as does the extent of the swelling. The final result is not seen for at least 3-4 months. This should be taken into consideration when scheduling the operation. You should arrange this surgery after holiday periods or important professional or social events and not before so that you are available for postoperative review and just in case any surgical adjustments are required.