Laws and Penalties: Concerns over growing illegal AAS abuse by teenagers, and many of the just discussed long-term effects, led Congress in 1991 to place the whole AAS class of drugs into Schedule III of the Controlled Substances Act (CSA). Under this legislation, AAS are defined as any drug or hormonal substance, chemically and pharmacologically related to T (other than estrogens, progestins, and corticosteroids) that promotes muscle growth. The possession or sale of AAS without a valid prescription is illegal. Since 1991, simple possession of illegally obtained AAS carry a maximum penalty of one year in prison and a minimum $1,000 fine if this is an individual’s first drug offense. The maximum penalty for trafficking (selling or possessing enough to be suspected of selling) is five years in prison and a fine of $250,000 if this is the individual’s first felony drug offense. If this is the second felony drug offense, the maximum period of imprisonment and the maximum fine both double. While the above listed penalties are for federal offenses, individual states have also implemented fines and penalties for illegal use of AAS. State executive offices have also recognized the seriousness of AAS abuse and other drugs of abuse in schools. For example, the State of Virginia enacted a law that will allow student drug testing as a legitimate school drug prevention program (48, 49).
Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them. However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through a medicine take-back program. Talk to your pharmacist or contact your local garbage/recycling department to learn about take-back programs in your community. See the FDA's Safe Disposal of Medicines website ( http:///c4Rm4p ) for more information if you do not have access to a take-back program.
Note: The list of possible learning activities listed below is not meant to be all-encompassing. Rather, it is intended to provide teachers and coaches with a sample of extension activities students and/or athletes could do in conjunction with the unit. Many of the research opportunities could be turned into traditional essays or multi-media presentations and shared with other students at your school.
Research collegiate or professional athletes who have admitted to taking steroids while competing and the effects steroids have had on them.
Research the list of banned substances at the collegiate and professional levels and classify them by type.
Conduct a group discussion with a local physician about proper physical and nutritional training for athletics.
Conduct a group discussion with fellow student-athletes on the importance of having a support network for each other to help avoid illegal drug use.