A double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled study investigated the effect of eight weeks of supplementation with bovine colostrum on body composition and exercise performance in 17 female and 18 male elite field hockey players. Subjects received either 60g BCdaily or a whey protein concentrate as a placebo. While improvements in sprint performance occurred in both active and placebo groups, a significantly greater improvement was observed in subjects receiving bovine colostrum compared to placebo. No statistically significant improvement in vertical jump performance was observed as a result of bovine colostrum supplementation. No significant changes in body composition or measures of endurance were observed between the two groups. 13
• Enza Topo at al. The role and molecular mechanism of D-Aspartic Acid in the release and synthesis of LH and testosterone in humans and rats. Reprod Biol Endocrinol. 2009 Oct 27;7:120.
• (. Brilla and V. Conte, "A novel zinc and magnesium formulation [ZMA®] increases anabolic hormones and strength in athletes," Sports Medicine, Training and Rehabilitation Journal, in press. November 1998.
• (. Brilla and V. Conte. "Effects of zinc-magnesium [ZMA®] supplementation on muscle attributes of football players," Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 31:Supplement 123. Abstract 483, May 1999).
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