Chinese scientists have created genetically-engineered, extra-muscular dogs, after editing the genes of the animals for the first time. The scientists create beagles that have double the amount of muscle mass by deleting a certain gene, reports the MIT Technology Review. The mutant dogs have “more muscles and are expected to have stronger running ability, which is good for hunting, police (military) applications”, Liangxue Lai, one of the researchers on the project. Now the team hope to go on to create other modified dogs, including those that are engineered to have human diseases like muscular dystrophy or Parkinson’s. Since dogs’ anatomy is similar to those of humans’, intentionally creating dogs with certain human genetic traits could allow scientists to further understand how they occur
If an individual requests a copy of his health record from a health care entity, the health care entity may impose a reasonable cost-based fee, which shall include only the cost of supplies for and labor of copying the requested information, postage when the individual requests that such information be mailed, and preparation of an explanation or summary of such information as agreed to by the individual . For the purposes of this section, "individual" includes a person with authority to act on behalf of the individual who is the subject of the health record in making decisions related to his health care.
Something like that may be happening with studies that don’t need doctors, and each study taken alone may be conducted legitimately. For example, apparently there have been quite a few studies done on various effects of stevia (non-patentable) or aspartame (patented). One possible bad effect of stevia gets a study looking for evidence of Bad Effect X. One alleged bad effect of aspartame is studied, looking for evidence that clears aspartame of Bad Effect Y. (See also “data dredging”.) It is just a question of funding a study whose honest result will be useful to the source of the funding.