An analysis of major leaguers suspended for PEDs since 2005 shows no obvious prototype of a “cheater.” Young and old, star and journeyman, pitcher and hitter, they’re all represented with no demographic vastly outweighing another. And while the punishment for a first offense has increased from the minuscule 10-game suspension of 2005 to the formidable 80-game ban of today, the stain of the “juicer” is all but gone. Gordon and Marte remain popular and effective players even after being outed as “juicers,” and in Gordon’s case, his offensive numbers are remarkably similar in the seasons before and after he was busted. Even A-Rod’s image is somewhat rehabilitated, thanks in part to his well-received work as an incisive and self-deprecating TV baseball analyst.
The Union Association survived for only one season (1884), as did the Players' League (1890), an attempt to return to the National Association structure of a league controlled by the players themselves. Both leagues are considered major leagues by many baseball researchers because of the perceived high caliber of play and the number of star players featured. However, some researchers have disputed the major league status of the Union Association, pointing out that franchises came and went and contending that the St. Louis club, which was deliberately "stacked" by the league's president (who owned that club), was the only club that was anywhere close to major league caliber.